The Arts of of Illusions

Bet you read that title wrong didn’t you? Well it’s of course, an illusion tricking the mind into skipping over that word to make the sentence make sense. Well this is the all cleverness of the things we do everyday, such as seeing and reading. Illusions have their way of tricking the mind into thinking it’s something else when it’s not that.Image result for elephant illusion For example, in this picture how many legs does the elephant have? I don’t know, but what I do know is that you’ll never find out as it’s tricking your eyes/vision into seeing more than four legs. This is the beauty of illusions as one person can see a completely different side of the picture than the other person. Another example is the two grandparents picture. Image result for elephant illusionDo you see an old couple or two men playing music? Well, I kinda see both, don’t you? This can also show the person there’s always more than one way to perceive things in life. There are 3 main types of illusions: optical illusions, auditory illusions, and tactile illusions. What you see here, is an optical illusion, one that messes with the mind and eyes. An example of auditory illusion is the misconception of what you see vs. what you hear. In this video, it will describe about the many illusions your ears are being tricked. The final illusion is the tactile illusion. What this does is it confuses your sense of touch. In this video, the person is showing how our senses of touch can be so misleading and be so confused. Well, that’s the beauty of illusions, just confusing the brain and having fun and being amazed while doing it. That’s all for this blog and I’ll see you in the next one. Bub bye! Here’s one more illusion to have fun with.

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As you look at one, the other one starts to move

The Art of Engineering: Marvels of an Engineered Work

– Written by Alan Tathanhlong

As many people believe, art is created from two main areas: the elements of art and the principles of design. By using these areas to their advantage, artists can create visual unity on their canvas or composition in a short period of time. However, what if art was somehow brought into reality, creating marvels that help benefit both us and the world?

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Griffiths, August 2013, ©CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Well, that’s the magic of the art of engineering! Engineers can devise all sorts of things, ranging from a tiny low-cost battery for a cell phone, to the gigantic dam across the mighty Yangtze River in China, to even an exciting new roller coaster built for speed, safety, and affordability! The world of engineering has touched so many parts of our lives that it has been divided into many different specialties, from civil engineers to biomedical engineers. It involves both science and technology in order to meet the needs of the people, slowly creating a work of art that everyone can appreciate in their own way.

Nevertheless, engineering is not simply designing the future ahead of us, but also has built the marvels of our past behind us. For example, in 2600 B.C., the ancient Egyptians built the Great Pyramid of Giza, which was the tallest structure in the world for thousands of years afterward. The project took more than twenty years to build and required the precise cutting and placement of more than two million blocks of pure stone. The Great Wall of China is also a stunning piece of engineered art; the Chinese had built this wall in the third century B.C., and would not be completed for another 1,800

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Questi, August 2012, ©CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

years. It stretches for about 1,500 miles across northern China, averaging 25 feet high and 15-30 feet wide at its base. Another engineering feat, the Taj Mahal, was completed in Agra, India, in 1654 as a monument to emperor Shah Jahan’s wife. It is a complex of numerous structures, including a mausoleum, mosque, minarets, walls, watchtowers, and gardens. Finally, the Royal Road is probably one of the world’s longest roads up until the 1800s; the Inca Indians of South America completed the 52-feet-wide Royal Road running from Santiago, Chile to Quito, Ecuador. Parts of the Royal Road crossed the Andes Mountains at elevations of almost 12,000 feet. In all, the builders of these ancient wonders used many of the same principles that modern structural engineers apply; however, they were limited to the knowledge and technology of their day.

As time passed, and knowledge and technology advanced, marvels of engineering became even more impressive. Some of these engineering feats became known in the “Seven Wonders of the Modern World”, a list created by the American Society of Civil Engineers that amounted to the greatest civil engineering feats of the 20th century. For example, the 31-mile-long Channel Tunnel runs under the English Channel between England and France, and consists of three linked, parallel tunnels – one for each direction of travel, and a service tunnel running in between. For much of its length, the tunnel lies 130 feet below the ocean floor, and engineers used huge tunnel-boring machines that cut through rock and removed debris. Another great engineering feat mentioned in the list is the Empire State Building, the first building in the world to have more than 100 floors (102 floors!). Completed in New York City in 1931, it was the tallest skyscraper on Earth for 41 years, with the spire atop the 1,472-foot structure originally designed to be a mooring mast for airships. California’s 1.7-mile-long Golden Gate Bridge, which was

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Bahman, January 2013, ©CC BY 2.0

completed in 1937 and served as the entrance to San Francisco Bay from the Pacific Ocean, is another modern work of engineered art. Spanning the “Golden Gate” strait, the suspended-deck bridge uses tall towers and enormous cables to support the road surface below, which carries six lanes of traffic. Finally, the 5-mile-wide Itaipu Dam, another feat on the list and the world’s largest hollow gravity dam, spans the Parana River on the border of Brazil and Paraguay in South America. Until recently, the Itaipu was also the largest hydroelectric dam in the world.

Behind the Art Scenes (Part 2): Principles of Design

– Written by Alan Tathanhlong

I have always wondered about the two things that were able to create the masterpiece

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barnyz, September 2014, ©CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

that art really is: the elements of art and the principles of design. I have already talked

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Ballard, July 2011, ©CC-BY-2.0

about the elements of art in the last blog post; nevertheless, learning the principles of design can help organize the elements of art in order to communicate effectively in a visual language, just as how learning grammar can help organize words to communicate in a written and spoken language. These principles can be considered to be only guidelines to help an individual express himself or herself in an artistic sense. Understanding these principles will also help an artist in appreciating how other artists try to communicate through their works. These six principles of design include rhythm, balance, variety, proportion, emphasis, and unity.

For example, I know for a fact that rhythm and balance are some of the principles of design that I know very well. The principle of rhythm indicates movement by the repetition of a certain art element or combination of elements. The repeated element –

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World of Oddy, September 2006, ©CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

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Chaz, January 2008, ©CC BY-NC 2.0

for instance, a shape or a line – is called a motif. The artist uses the repetition of a motif to lead the viewer’s eye around the work of art. There are two types of rhythm, which are random rhythm and regular rhythm. Random rhythm refers to a motif being repeated in no apparent order, with irregular spacing in between. In contrast, regular rhythm occurs when identical motifs with identical spacing between them are repeated. The other principle of design, which is balance, correlates to the visual stability of the composition. If a work of art has visual balance, then the viewer feels that the elements have been arranged just right; but, an imbalance can cause the viewer to feel as if something is wrong and that the elements must be rearranged. There are two types of balances in art: formal balance is when similar elements are placed on each side of the central axis, and informal balance is when unlike objects are arranged with equal visual weight.

I also know that two other principles of design, which are variety and proportion, correspond very well with many works of art. The principle of variety, to begin with, is

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Butterscotch, October 2010, ©CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

concerned with difference or contrast. A composition has
variety when something different is added to the design to keep the repetition from being monotonous. Contrast also creates variety because of different elements placed next to each other, such as smooth and rough textures, fine and bold lines, and dark & light values. The principle of proportion refers to the proper size relationship of one part

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barnyz, April 2011, ©CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

of the composition to another, and to the whole work of art. The proportions of a human figure are not defined in terms of inches or feet, but rather in ratios of one body part to another. Artists use correct proportions to show people and/or objects in a realistic sense, but other artists distort or exaggerate proportions in order to communicate feelings such as horror or utter joy. In this principle, scale, which refers to the size of an object in relation to a standard reference (usually the human body), can help with proportions also.

However, the principles of emphasis and unity sometimes confuse me on how they fit in

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sagesolar, April 1 2017, ©CC BY 2.0

with connecting the elements of art together. For example,
emphasis makes one part of the composition dominant, where one specific element (color, form, texture, etc.) or

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sam.naylor, April 3 2017, ©CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

area dominates the entire work. Those elements and areas that are not dominant are considered to be subordinate, or less important. Emphasis also controls the order in which a viewer looks at the work and how much attention the viewer gives to each element or area. Nevertheless, it is unclear to me to see which element or area is dominant over the others. On the other hand, unity is the quality of being complete – when the separate elements serve the whole and nothing seems out of place or added unnecessarily. To complete visual unity in a composition, the artist relies on design principles to arrange the elements of art so that they work together. Despite that, it often confuses me to see which elements seem out of place or added unnecessarily.

Nevertheless, I will always remember that both elements of art and principles of design create a bridge connecting art to the viewers of art. Artists, overall, intend to share their art with others by organizing their design so that the viewers will understand what the artist’s art is telling them. When viewers understand how artists create visual unity within the composition, they will discover that they actually appreciate the artwork more. They might even realize that now they like a painting or art style that he or she didn’t like before at first!

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barnyz, March 2013, ©CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Art in the Inside

Image result for the human bodyWe all know that our human bodies are pretty advanced right? We also know that our brain is one of the great wonders of our life and that it’s the most important part of your body as it’s even faster and more complicated than a super computer. How fascinating isn’t? But, I bet you didn’t think that our bodies would look nice. I mean yes, maybe people don’t like stinky feet and wet armpits, but what’s inside is what’s beautiful.The human skeleton, to its functions, to the muscles, to the way our vocal cords stretch enabling most of us to speak, is just marvelous.Image result for person singing

How do I know this? Well, first I’m still in school and we’re learning about the human body right now, and also my doctor showed me how magnificent our body is. Our body is basically a piece of Mother Nature’s greatest and most interesting creations. Not to mention all the other animals out there too. I know that our human n]body is so great as we are able to do almost everything. For those things that we can’t do, we compensate that with our intelligence to enable us to do so. We also like to think highly of ourselves so that counts as a reason why I think the human body is so great. Finally, to me the most important feature of our body is the thumb. Yes, I know it may sound thumb (bah dum tsch)but it’s probably the most important tool we have for survival. It allows us to do every day tasks, grab stuff, and use it for basically anything.Image result for the hand

Even if I didn’t know the human body was so great, I bet everyone would know it anyways. Think about, our human body allows us to live almost anywhere. We can live in the jungle, forest, ocean, mountains and even snow. Because of our brains, legs, arms, hands, and internal organs, it allows us to do whatever we like. That’s the beauty of our body. Our bodies allow is to do what ever we wish. The stomacher lets us eat delicious food and have a nice time at the toilet. Our eyes let us see the beautiful world and our vocals allow u\s to speak harmoniously to each other (maybe not harmoniously).Image result for body work of art

Again, even if we never saw our bodies as a work of art, we will all ways know it is one. All of the body’s complexity just like in a real work of art. The skeleton is a scary but interesting image. The muscles with its contractions interact with the skeleton enabling our body to move and do the most beautiful poses. The lungs and our diaphragm allow us to run and keep our stamina when running a marathon and our digestive and immune system lets us enjoy life to the fullest with life’s great foods and lets us do disease free, most of the time.